This paper explains what ‘ownership’ means in customary tenure and how land is managed – and shows the differences between the concept and institutions of ownership in customary tenure and in freehold.
Land ownership is increasingly being personalised, and the family heads are often taking land for themselves when customary law said they were supposed to administer the land for their families. This paper explains how this is happening and what is the impact for women and children.
Boundary disputes are the most common cause of conflicts within the village in Uganda. This paper shows people steps they can take together to help reduce conflicts by fixing land borders in a cheap and simple way.
The clan used to have the role of protecting its vulnerable members, but many clans have weakened and allow people to grab land from widows and orphans. This paper highlights the excuses which land grabbers give and is call to clan leaders to protect women and children according to their own customary laws.
Many people are losing their land to development by local authorities simply because neither they, nor the local authorities, know the law on ‘compulsory acquisition’ and on people’s rights to compensation. This simple guide explains the rights of each side.
The law protects wives from the family land being sold without their consent. Unfortunately, the law is not applied because neither the women and their husbands, or the local officials, know about the law. This paper is a simple explanation of how the law works, and what each party needs to do if they want to sell land.
People make wrong statements for many reasons – some people may have misunderstood the rules, but sometimes people want the rules to change so they can take more land. Make sure you know which statements in this article are true.
Plan for Modernisation of Agriculture (PMA) is usually associated with agricultural extension (NAADS) and research, mechanization and possibly investment for processing. Conventional thinking on land tenure has rested on these assumptions for many years.
You can own land without titles according to ‘customary rules’, for example because you inherited the land or because you bought it from the person who was locally recognised as being the real owner.Nevertheless, some people feel that they would be more secure if they had titles, and there are some programmes which are encouraging people to get titles.
If the land is yours, then you are still the legal owner of the land whether you have papers or not. Papers do not give you more rights to the land, but they do give you proof that is more acceptable to those from outside your community that the land is yours.
If you want an official paper to say you own the land, but don’t want to get a freehold title to your land, you can apply for a ‘Certificate of Customary Ownership’ (CCO). In principle, you can get a certificate for land which you own either in rural or urban areas, as long as the land has never been registered (i.e. had a title issued for it).